10 Tips To Protect Your LiverLiver BasicsThe liver is the largest organ inside the human body. When something goes wrong with the liver, it can have a serious effect on almost every other organ in the body. A little more than 1.5 quarts of blood pump through the liver every minute, allowing the liver to quickly and effectively remove toxins and waste products from the bloodstream. At the same time, the liver stores important nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and iron. Click through the slideshow for tips to keep this important organ happy and healthy.
Compared with findings from previous studies, fewer people are heeding lung cancer screening advice, according to findings recently published in JAMA Network Open. “We found that periodic screening rates for lung cancer were much lower—55% in our overall pooled analysis—than the rates reported in clinical trials,” Maria Lopez-Olivo, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, and colleagues wrote. The researchers looked at adherence rates for lung cancer screening in the United States, traits of people who adhered to screening and diagnostic testing rates following screening. Across all studies, the adherence rate for lung cancer screening varied between 12% and 91%, which the researchers attributed to differences in the eligibility criteria used. The pooled lung cancer screening adherence rate was 55% for follow-up periods ranging from 12 to 36 months.
The short-term symptoms of high or low blood glucose levels experienced by diabetics can impact driving in a serious way. Blood glucose levels rise after consuming carbohydrates, sugars that come in two main forms simple and complex—also called simple sugars and starches. Self-management means checking blood glucose levels regularly, eating a healthy diet, being physically active, managing stress, and seeing healthcare providers regularly. That involves managing blood glucose levels by eating a healthy diet, losing excess weight, and being physically active. The goal should be to regulate blood glucose levels as best as possible by spreading out carbohydrate consumption, checking glucose levels regularly, taking medications and using insulin as needed.
Among men who have sex with men, viral suppression plateaued in the years leading up to and including 2018. AIDSVu.org has been providing granular data on viral suppression for years. Kenya has used real-time data to target HIV prevention resources since 2016, according to a Medscape report. Traditional methods of finding communities with low levels of viral suppression rely on person-to-person contact tracing, which can be slow, inefficient and incomplete. These data, the study authors wrote, suggest that existing programs aimed at improving viral suppression should focus messaging and resources within these hot spots.
Even before there was a vaccine, some seasoned doctors and public health experts warned, Cassandra-like, that its distribution would be “a logistical nightmare.”After Week 1 of the rollout, “nightmare” sounds like an apt description. Why should vaccine distribution be any different? From there, an inscrutable mix of state officials, public health agencies and lobbyists seem to be determining where the vaccine should go. But Pfizer — which did not fully participate in Operation Warp Speed — is shipping much of the vaccine itself. The National Health Service will let everyone else “know when it’s your turn to get the vaccine ” from the government-run health system.
A New Hampshire police chief; a Philadelphia detective; two Seattle Police Department officers who traveled cross-country, to name just a few. “To think that there were police officers who participated in this plot against our country and this attack against our country, it’s heart-wrenching. A day after Acevedo spoke with TIME, a Houston Police Department officer was identified among those entering the Capitol during the riots. Two police officers from the Rocky Mount, Virginia police department have been charged with misdemeanors by federal authorities after being inside the Capitol during the riots. Protesters break into the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 06, 2021 in Washington, D.C.
Full-dose blood thinners decreased need for life support and improved outcome in hospitalized COVID-19 patientsIn large clinical trial conducted worldwide, full dose anti-coagulation (blood thinner) treatments given to moderately ill patients hospitalized for COVID-19 reduced the requirement of vital organ support—such as the need for ventilation. With large numbers of COVID-19 patients requiring hospitalization, these outcomes could also help reduce the overload on intensive care units around the world. Whether providing increased doses of blood thinners routinely administered to hospitalized patients would be safe and effective was unknown at that time. Moderately ill patients are those not in intensive care and who did not receive organ support such as mechanical ventilation at trial enrollment. However, research questions remain about how to further improve the clinical care of COVID-19 patients.
“We already have high-quality evidence showing that recommended cancer screening saves lives. “These findings show we need more measures to eliminate socioeconomic-related health disparities in our communities, even where healthcare is publicly funded. The most powerful intervention to improve screening rates would be to invest more in primary care and make sure every individual is linked to a family physician who can track their adherence to recommended screening tests.”Abdel-Rahman looked at self-reported data for 99,820 people eligible for colorectal cancer screening, 59,724 people eligible for breast cancer screening, and 46,767 in the cervical cancer screening cohort, based on Canadian guidelines from 2007 through 2016. “Colorectal cancer screening had the lowest compliance with over a third reporting not being screened. Complimentary access to “Patterns and Trend of Cancer Screening in Canada; Results from a Contemporary National Survey” is available until April 10, 2021.
A new study finds that alcohol consumption accounts for a considerable portion of cancer incidence and mortality in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The article, which appears in Cancer Epidemiology, states that the proportion of cancer cases attributable to alcohol consumption ranged from a high of 6.7% in Delaware to a low of 2.9% in Utah. Similarly, Delaware had the highest proportion of alcohol-related cancer deaths (4.5%) and Utah had the lowest (1.9%). By sex, alcohol-related cancer cases and deaths for most evaluated cancer types were higher among men, in part reflecting higher levels of alcohol consumption among men. In the U.S. on average, alcohol consumption accounted for 4.8% of cancer cases and 3.2% of cancer deaths, or about 75,200 cancer cases and 18,950 cancer deaths annually, during 2013 to 2016.
What A Year It Was for Science Advances! Here’s a quick rundown of all the pioneering advances in biomedical research, both NIH and non-NIH funded:Shots of Hope. This breakthrough has the potential to accelerate the fields of structural biology and protein research, fueling progress throughout the sciences. That’s why the editors and writers at Science singled out “a second pandemic of misinformation” as its Breakdown of the Year. Links:COVID-19 Research (NIH)2020 Science Breakthrough of the Year (American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C)
Blood test shows promise for early detection of acute heart transplant rejectionDNA-based “liquid biopsy” could help save lives and reduce health disparities. They estimate that the test could eliminate up to 80% of invasive heart tissue biopsies currently used to detect rejection. Current tests used to detect heart transplant rejection rely on frequent and painful biopsies of heart tissue. The researchers monitored the patients for signs of acute rejection for nearly 18 months using both traditional endomyocardial (heart tissue) biopsy and the new blood test. The new blood test may be able to detect rejection as early as 28 days after heart transplantation and at least three months before rejection is detectable using heart tissue biopsy.
In Memory of Sam BernsPosted on January 12th, 2014 by Dr. Francis CollinsThis weekend, in a heartbreaking phone call from his parents, I learned of the death of Sam Berns, a courageous young man with Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome. Sam’s parents, Scott Berns and Leslie Gordon, both physicians, introduced me to Sam more than a decade ago. That fortuitous circumstance allowed the initiation of a clinical trial for progeria kids (including Sam), just four years after the discovery of the genetic cause. Sam was featured as the narrator of a recent television documentary, “Life According to Sam,” which premiered on HBO this fall, recounting the amazing story of this medical research adventure. In November 2011, he presented me with the “SAM” (Science And Medicine) award from the Progeria Research Foundation.
Study Finds No Benefit for Dietary SupplementsPosted on April 16th, 2019 by Dr. Francis CollinsCredit: iStock/Artfully79More than half of U.S. adults take dietary supplements . The researchers, led by Fang Fang Zhang, Tufts University, Boston, were intrigued that so many people take dietary supplements, despite questions about their health benefits. Just over half of participants reported use of dietary supplements in the previous 30 days. The researchers found the use of dietary supplements had no influence on mortality. For example, study participants who reported taking dietary supplements generally had a higher level of education and income.
The physical manifestation of a memory, or engram, consists of clusters of brain cells active when a specific memory was formed. When a memory is recalled, the cells within an engram reactivate and turn on, to varying degrees, other neural circuits (e.g., sight, sound, smell, emotions) that were active when that memory was recorded. Using an innovative technology developed by other researchers, called optogenetics, Ramirez’s team then discovered it could shine light onto a collection of hippocampal neurons storing a specific memory and reactivate the sensation associated with the memory . Such maps will be invaluable in determining how stress affects memory, as well as what goes wrong in dementia and other devastating memory disorders. Ramirez S, Liu X, Lin PA, Suh J, Pignatelli M, Redondo RL, Ryan TJ, Tonegawa S. Science.
Care About FibroidsThis Washington, DC–based organization works to elevate uterine fibroids as a women’s health issue in hopes of driving change. The nonprofit also produces a community-oriented digital resource guide called Fibroids Health to empower women to advocate for themselves along their wellness journey. Its OWH Helpline (800-994-9662) offers women suffering from uterine fibroids a wealth of resources. USA Fibroid CentersSince many hysterectomies performed to treat fibroids are medically unnecessary, this national network specializes in the nonsurgical treatment of uterine fibroids. Patients are treated using uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), an approach approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Pregnant women who experienced severe symptoms of COVID-19 had a higher risk of complications during and after pregnancy, according to preliminary findings from a National Institutes of Health study. Compared to COVID-19 patients without symptoms, those with severe symptoms were at higher risk for cesarean delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and preterm birth. Researchers evaluated more than 1,200 pregnant women with COVID-19 who delivered at 33 U.S. hospitals between March 1 and July 30, 2020. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, from mother to child was rare, with 1% of newborns testing positive for the virus before discharge from the hospital. This news release was published on the National Institutes of Health website on January 28, 2021.
Sexual health is key to making that happen. In different ways, both Benjamin and Sanchez took proactive steps toward caring for not just their sexual health but also their happiness. And that’s important, says Asa Radix, MD, PhD, senior director of research and education at New York City’s Callen-Lorde Community Health Center and vice chair of the board of the American Sexual Health Association (ASHA). ASHA’s website, ashasexualhealth.org, is a wealth of sexual health information, including where to find a caring sexual health provider near you even if you don’t have insurance. “Sexual health is all about being able to embrace and enjoy your sexuality throughout your life, because it’s an important part of life,” says Radix.
New study finds more than half (56.4%) of cancer survivors in the United States reported having additional underlying medical conditions associated with severe COVID-19 illness. Cancer, and other underlying medical conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart diseases, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and obesity, are associated with increased risk of severe COVID-19 illness. Most cancer survivors reported having more than one of the conditions associated with severe COVID-19 illness and nearly one-quarter reported more than two conditions. Older age was associated with higher prevalence of medical conditions among cancer survivors and adults without a cancer history. “The findings highlight the need to protect survivors against COVID-19 transmission and to prioritize cancer survivors in vaccine allocation,” said Han.
In honor of the 55th Super Bowl, the Tampa Bay Super Bowl LV Host Committee and the American Cancer Society (ACS) have teamed up to raise awareness of the critical importance of cancer screening. “The pandemic has only further exacerbated the challenges that so many in our community experience,” Sherí Barros, the ACS’s strategic director of global sports alliances, said in a Tampa Bay press release. “At the American Cancer Society, we firmly believe that no one should be disadvantaged in their fight against cancer. The generous contribution by the Tampa Bay Super Bowl LV Host Committee and the NFL will help us close the disparity gap experienced by communities of color,” Barros said. This trend, the American Cancer Society noted, holds true regardless of sex.
Born in 1934 in a poor and predominantly Black section of Mobile, Alabama, Aaron was something of an athletic prodigy. Before joining the Braves in 1954 at age 20, he played for the Indianapolis Clowns, a Negro American Leagues team, and the Eau Claire Bears, one of the Braves’ Minor League Baseball teams. But during the nascent days of the civil rights movement, Black success in professional sports generated danger in addition to fame and fortune. The death threats reached a fever pitch when it became apparent that Aaron was fast closing in on Babe Ruth’s home run record of 714. In 1999, Major League Baseball named the prestigious Hank Aaron Award for him.
At Wellness Axis we want to encourage habits of wellness, Increase awareness of factors and resources contributing to well-being, Inspire and empower individuals to take responsibility for their own health, and to support a sense of community. Wellness can be thought of as the quality or state of being in good health.