Screening and Vaccines Lead to Drop in Cervical Cancer

Screening and Vaccines Lead to Drop in Cervical Cancer

Deaths due to cervical cancer dropped dramatically after the introduction of routine Pap smear screening in the 1950s, which can detect abnormal cell changes before they progress to invasive cancer. Screening is not routinely recommended for oral cancer or anal cancer, although some experts recommend anal screening for people at high risk, such as men who have sex with men (especially those living with HIV). Cervical cancer accounted for 52% of all HPV-related cancers among women during this period, but as anal cancer increases, it is expected to exceed cervical cancer in women of every age group over 50 by 2025. “It is likely that the significant decrease in cervical cancer incidence results from clear guidelines for cervical cancer screening and may also reflect promotion and acceptance of vaccination, particularly in younger women,” Liao said. “The decrease in cervical cancer is welcome news and may reflect intensive efforts to screen and vaccinate patients at risk,” ASCO president Lori J.

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