PTSD Linked to Opioid Misuse in HIV-Positive People With Chronic Pain

PTSD Linked to Opioid Misuse in HIV-Positive People With Chronic Pain

HIV-positive people with a high level of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were 54% more likely to show signs of opioid use disorder during pain management, according to a study published in the journal AIDS Care. People with HIV have been found to have higher rates of both chronic pain and PTSD. All had chronic pain requiring pain management, and just under one in four participants (23%) were working or in school. Fifteen percent met criteria for risky alcohol use, 19% met criteria for a nonalcohol substance use disorder and 22% met criteria for “aberrant” opioid use. And while 23% of participants met criteria for a high likelihood of PTSD, those participants were 54% more likely to engage in behaviors typical of opioid use disorder.

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